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Aquaculture Farming Environmental Problems

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During the past decade of aquaculture shrimp farming, one of the major aquaculture shrimp and prawn industry, especially in Asia and South America region and it is projected to be one of the leading aquaculture shrimp industry in the world's future that has a very large domestic and foreign market demand.
Aquaculture shrimp farming environmental problems have been created in all farming locations resulting from the following factors:

  • Intensive aquaculture shrimp farming management, a very high stock density within the ponds, up from 200,000 to 400,000 pieces of aquaculture shrimp post larvae per hectare ponds (20-40 pieces/sqm) could produce several tons of organic wastes within one aquaculture shrimp farming crop. When organic wastes accumulated within aquaculture shrimp ponds environment, much organic wastes materials in their bodies are in the form of organic wastes compounds and those organic wastes can not be utilized by the phytoplankton through photosynthesis. These organic wastes compounds in aquaculture shrimp farming are quite stable, and does not have a tendency to break into simpler utilizable forms. Oxidation of these organic wastes compounds depletes the dissolved oxygen deep in the aquaculture shrimp ponds farming bottom soils, and formation of toxic metabolites such as hydrogen sulfide, methane, ammonia, and nitrite, thus contributing greatly to the mortality rates of aquaculture shrimp farming.

  • Availability of leftover feed and phytoplankton dead cells created the accumulation of undesirable organic wastes and toxic gases dissolved in the aquaculture shrimp pond bottom soils and in most cases, mortality occurs when the aquaculture shrimp ponds bottom is polluted and deteriorated. When this occurs, shrimp ponds soil become acidic, zoothamnium, damages gills (black or brown gills), burned and broken tails, affected metabolism, incidence of blue shrimp syndrome (due to nutritional deficiency), molting process is disrupted (soft shell), and the onset of fouling, vibiosis and other virus diseases occurs, thereby causing mortality.

  • The congested number of aquaculture shrimp farming located in the same area of non-irrigation causes the easily eradicated disease problems, and became uncontrollable factors. The idea of culturing in a restricted environment and hoping for a good harvest has been one of man's endeavor since early days. However, the ecosystem existent in aquaculture shrimp farming all over the world experiences the most recurrent problem…is how to get rid of the organic matters and organic wastes that has accumulated during the culture cycle and how to imporve the natural water resources before starting the new cycle. This problem have been approached by designing different types of ponds waste drains within the ponds system itself, filtration, aerators, air supplies, oxidation ponds or recirculating ponds systems, yet no solution has yet been satisfactory today to correct the aquaculture shrimp farming problem.

  • The fast expansion of aquaculture shrimp farming numbers without the awareness of organic matters and organic wastes or wastewater treatment, reckless uses of chemicals either disinfectant, pesticide, oxidizing agent or antibiotics have its negative impact on the recondition natural resources of water supply and had destroyed the natural decomposing bacteria in ponds and natural benthic invertebrates to an unsuitable levels for aquatic culture.

MICROTACK® Aquaculture supply: The ultimate natural bacteria enzymes designed for use as biological organic wastes matter and organic wastewater treatment, to decompose organic wastes or organic matters, undesirable gases in the aquaculture shrimp farming and create probiotics effect to prevent pathogenic bacterial diseases. Resulted in reducing mortality, giving the highest survival rate with the fastest growth rate.

MICROTACK® Aquaculture supply: Fully committed the most profitable result in aquaculture shrimp farming and completely protect aquaculture farming and environment.


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